Chicago’s construction employment has declined 7 percent statewide in the year from September 2019 to September 2020, reflecting the overall situation statewide in Illinois, as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic tore into the industry throughout the nation.
Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights lost 10,000 jobs, but the percentage decline was dwarfed by the state capital, where Springfield reported a loss of 16 percent (but in the much smaller market, that translated to only 600 fewer jobs.
The Associated General Contractors of America (AGCA) compiled government data to produce the report, with details for different communities outlined below.
Here is the data by community including the employment total for Sept. 2019, the total for Sept. 2020, the difference in number and percentage, and the national ranking.
- Statewide Construction 241,900 224,400 -17,500 -7%
- Statewide Mining, Logging, and Construction 250,300 231,400 -18,900 -8%
- Bloomington Mining, Logging, and Construction 3,000 2,900 -100 -3% 150
- Champaign-Urbana Mining, Logging, and Construction 4,000 4,000 0 0% 87
- Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights Div. Construction 141,000 131,000 -10,000 -7% 234
- Danville Mining, Logging, and Construction 600 600 0 0% 87
- Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Mining, Logging, and Construction 10,700 10,100 -600 -6% 214
- Decatur Mining, Logging, and Construction 3,200 2,700 -500 -16% 319
- Elgin Div. Construction 15,100 14,300 -800 -5% 193
- Kankakee Mining, Logging, and Construction 1,400 1,400 0 0% 87
- Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI Div. Construction 16,200 16,200 0 0% 87
- Peoria Mining, Logging, and Construction 8,100 7,800 -300 -4% 170
- Rockford Mining, Logging, and Construction 6,000 5,500 -500 -8% 240
- Springfield Mining, Logging, and Construction 3,700 3,100 -600 -16% 319
- St. Louis, MO-IL Mining, Logging, and Construction 70,600 67,900 -2,700 -4% 170
In a statement, AGCA said construction firms are experiencing widespread project deferrals and cancellations, along with disruptions to ongoing work and few new project awards, as the economic damage from the pandemic drags down industry employment in metro areas across the nation. Association officials urged Congress to pass new coronavirus relief measures to head off further job losses.
“The survey results make it clear that the months-long pandemic is undermining demand for projects, disrupting vital supply chains and clouding the industry’s outlook,” said Ken Simonson, the association’s chief economist. “Without new federal relief measures, these challenges pose a significant threat to current construction employment levels.”
Simonson noted that three-quarters of survey respondents report having a scheduled project postponed or canceled. He added that is up from the 60 percent of contractors who reported a canceled project in our August survey and 32 percent who did so in June. Meanwhile, only 23 percent of contractors report working on new or expanded construction projects as a result of the pandemic, about the same percentage as in June.
The coronavirus is also disrupting projects that are still underway, Simonson noted. Seventy-eight percent of respondents report they are currently experiencing project delays or disruptions, up from 57 percent in June. In particular, 42 percent of firms are experiencing disruptions due to a shortage of construction materials, equipment or parts. In addition, 35 percent are experiencing disruptions because of a shortage of craftworkers and/or subcontractors. In one bit of good news, however, only 7 percent of firms are experiencing disruptions because of a shortage of personal protective equipment.
Shrinking demand and disrupted operations are shaking many contractors’ faith in the future, the survey showed. Thirty-four percent of respondents report they do not expect their firm’s volume of business will return to pre-pandemic levels for at least a year.
Delays, disruptions and uncertainty threaten to undermine employment levels in the construction sector. In fact, 30 percent of firms report they have already furloughed or terminated employees because of the coronavirus.
That is likely why construction employment fell during the past year in most metro areas, Simonson added. Construction employment fell in 234, or 65 percent, of 358 metro areas between September 2019 and September 2020. Construction employment was stagnant in 38 other metro areas, meanwhile, and only 86 metro areas added construction jobs during the past year.
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas lost the most construction jobs over those 12 months (-24,400 jobs, -10 percent), followed by New York City (-19,500 jobs, -12 percent). Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, Mass. had the largest percentage decline (-36 percent, -2,000 jobs), followed by Altoona, Pa. (-32 percent, -1,000 jobs) and Johnstown, Pa. (-32 percent, -900 jobs).
Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas added the most construction jobs from September 2019 to September 2020 (5,100 jobs, 3 percent), followed by Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, Md. (4,700 jobs, 6 percent). Walla Walla, Wash. had the highest percentage increase (25 percent, 300 jobs), followed by Fond du Lac, Wisc. (15 percent, 500 jobs).
Simonson added that a majority of firms report they plan to cut jobs or abstain from adding new employees during the coming year. Twenty percent expect their headcount will shrink while 42 percent report they do not plan to add to the size of their headcount during the next twelve months.
Most firms participating in the survey, 78 percent, cited a preference for new federal relief measures to mitigate against the impacts of the coronavirus. Among the measures firms are hoping Washington officials will enact are new federal investments in infrastructure, liability reforms that protect responsible firms from frivolous coronavirus suits and a new highway and transportation bill.
As a result, association officials urged Congressional leaders to recall legislators right after the election to pass much-needed new coronavirus relief measures. In particular, the construction officials called on Congress to new infrastructure investments, liability reforms and an additional round of Paycheck Protection Program loans.
“As our survey shows, the pandemic and efforts to mitigate its spread have deeply wounded the economy, depressing demand for many types of commercial construction projects,” said Stephen E. Sandherr, the association’s chief executive officer. “Congress can end the downward economic slide and help create needed new construction jobs by passing measures to boost demand and protect honest employers.”